Dictionary of Law
Founded: 121
transferred intent :: n. in both criminal and tort (civil wrong) law, wh ... hit upon Truehart. See also: intent
intent :: n. mental desire and will to act in a particular w ... ess homicide or other lesser crime.
donative intent :: n. conscious desire to make a gift, as distinguish ... thing by mistake or under pressure.
misappropriation :: n. the intentional, illegal use of the property or ... mbezzlement fiduciary larceny theft
M'Naughten rule :: n. a traditional "right and wrong" test of legal i ... temporary insanity Twinkie defense
misfeasance :: n. management of a business, public office or othe ... n of the law. See also: malfeasance
misadventure :: n. a death due to unintentional accident without a ... me. See also: homicide manslaughter
mens rea :: (menz ray-ah) n. Latin for a "guilty mind," or cri ... ing the act. See also: crime intent
mental anguish :: n. mental suffering which includes fright, feeling ... See also: damages mental suffering
moral turpitude :: n. gross violation of standards of moral conduct, ... r penalty for a criminal defendant.
murder :: n. the killing of a human being by a sane person, ... premeditation second degree murder
occupancy :: n. 1) living in or using premises, as a tenant or ... ining ownership. See also: occupant
pain and suffering :: n. the physical and mental distress suffered from ... l damages special damages suffering
notice :: n. 1) information, usually in writing in all legal ... Thirty-day notice three-day notice
negligence :: n. failure to exercise the care toward others whic ... gence per se res ipsa loquitur tort
mayhem :: 1) n. the criminal act of disabling, disfiguring o ... so: aggravated assault assault maim
patent infringement :: n. the manufacture and/or use of an invention or i ... not. See also: infringement patent
malum prohibitum :: (mal-uhm prohibit-uhm) adj. Latin meaning "wrong d ... lso: malum in se white collar crime
legal duty :: n. the responsibility to others to act according t ... al injuries. See also: duty of care
libel :: 1) n. to publish in print (including pictures), wr ... libel per se public figure slander
legal age :: n. the age at which a person is responsible for hi ... so: infancy juvenile court minority
larceny :: n. the crime of taking the goods of another person ... : grand larceny petty larceny theft
justifiable homicide :: n. a killing without evil or criminal intent, for ... me. See also: homicide self-defense
loss of bargain :: n. the inability to complete a sale or other busin ... ned in a lawsuit. See also: damages
malfeasance :: n. intentionally doing something either legally or ... sponsibility. See also: misfeasance
malpractice :: n. An act or continuing conduct of a professional ... eed. See also: errors and omissions
perjurer :: n. a person who intentionally lies while under an ... alse information. See also: perjury
malicious prosecution :: n. filing a lawsuit with the intention of creating ... vor of the victim. See also: malice
malice aforethought :: n. 1) the conscious intent to cause death or great ... : first degree murder malice murder
malice :: n. a conscious, intentional wrongdoing either of a ... cution murder public figure slander
manslaughter :: n. the unlawful killing of another person without ... laughter. See also: homicide murder
permanent disability :: n. an injury which impairs the physical and/or men ... t injury Workers' Compensation Acts
tax evasion :: n. intentional and fraudulent attempt to escape pa ... o reduce the amount of payable tax.
temporary insanity :: n. in a criminal prosecution, a defense by the acc ... diminished capacity insanity intent
swindle :: v. to cheat through trick, device, false statement ... orm of theft. See also: fraud theft
suicide :: n. the intentional killing of oneself. Ironically, ... e manslaughter second degree murder
strict construction :: (narrow construction) n. interpreting the Constitu ... See also: constitution construction
subpena :: (subpoena): (suh-pea-nah) n. an order of the court ... ubpena duces tecum subpoena witness
theft :: n. the generic term for all crimes in which a pers ... rglary embezzlement larceny robbery
tort :: n. from French for "wrong," a civil wrong or wrong ... nce slander trespass wrongful death
willful :: adj. referring to acts which are intentional, cons ... r was willful." See also: willfully
willfully :: adv. referring to doing something intentionally, p ... on the property." See also: willful
waiver :: n. the intentional and voluntary giving up of some ... ssed on the record. See also: waive
treble damages :: n. tripling damages allowed by state statute in ce ... damage penalties. See also: damages
tortfeasor :: n. a person who commits a tort (civil wrong), eith ... : joint tortfeasors negligence tort
statute of limitations :: n. a law which sets the maximum period which one c ... ies. See also: demurrer laches toll
state of domicile :: n. the state in which a person has his/her permane ... orated. See also: domicile resident
premeditation :: n. planning, plotting or deliberating before doing ... e murder malice aforethought murder
primogeniture :: n. from Latin for "first born," the ancient rule f ... oes not exist in the United States.
post :: v. 1) to place a notice on the entrance or a promi ... or recording a payment. 4) to mail.
possessory interest :: n. in real estate, the intent and right of a perso ... o: possess possession real property
jury of one's peers :: n. a guaranteed right of criminal defendants, in w ... y African Americans. See also: jury
permanent injury :: n. physical or mental damage which will restrict t ... ges. See also: permanent disability
proximate cause :: n. a happening which results in an event, particul ... also: intervening cause negligence
public figure :: n. in the law of defamation (libel and slander), a ... See also: defamation libel slander
service by publication :: n. serving a summons or other legal document in a ... perty. See also: service of process
slander :: n. oral defamation, in which someone tells one or ... . See also: defamation fair comment
second degree murder :: n. a non-premeditated killing, resulting from an a ... t degree murder manslaughter murder
resulting trust :: n. a trust implied by law (as determined by a cour ... See also: constructive trust trust
rescue doctrine :: n. the rule of law that if a rescuer of a person h ... to the car grill. See also: damages
perjury :: n. the crime of intentionally lying after being du ... ly made a mistake or misunderstood.
jump bail :: v. to fail to appear for a court appearance after ... also: bail bail bond bail bondsman
construction :: n. the act of a lawyer or court in interpreting an ... tion. See also: strict construction
cruelty :: n. the intentional and malicious infliction of phy ... ruel and unusual punishment divorce
competent :: adj. 1) in general, able to act in the circumstanc ... all bases. See also: evidence will
cause of action :: n. the basis of a lawsuit founded on legal grounds ... property. See also: element lawsuit
calumny :: n. the intentional and generally vicious false acc ... 's reputation. See also: defamation
capital offense :: n. any criminal charge which is punishable by the ... . See also: bail capital punishment
deception :: n. the act of misleading another through intention ... ent actions. See also: deceit fraud
defamation :: n. the act of making untrue statements about anoth ... comment libel public figure slander
diminished capacity :: n. essentially a psychological term which has foun ... See also: insanity M'Naughten rule
disfigure :: v. to cause permanent change in a person's body, p ... . See also: damages general damages
desertion :: n. the act of abandoning, particularly leaving one ... tody and other post-marital issues.
desert :: v. to intentionally abandon a person or thing. ... tionally abandon a person or thing.
deliberate :: 1) adj. (dee-lib-er-et) done with care and intenti ... any group including a legislature.
breaking and entering :: n. 1) the criminal act of entering a residence or ... above. See also: burglary trespass
breach of trust :: n. 1) any act which is in violation of the duties ... ise or confidence. See also: breach
acceptance :: n. 1) receiving something from another with the in ... ered into. See also: contract offer
advancement :: n. a gift made by a person to one of his or her ch ... tate gift in contemplation of death
accept :: v. to receive something with approval and intentio ... ervice" (delivery) of legal papers.
abuse of process :: n. the use of legal process by illegal, malicious, ... ly correct the error and apologize.
abandoned property :: n. property left behind (often by a tenant) intent ... -use. See also: abandon abandonment
abandonment :: n. the act of intentionally and permanently giving ... : abandon abandoned property patent
alternative pleading :: n. a legal fiction in which a party to a lawsuit o ... t the defendant committed the act).
arson :: n. the felony crime of intentionally burning a hou ... ath resulting from arson is murder.
battery :: n. the actual intentional striking of someone, wit ... e also: assault assault and battery
blue sky laws :: n. laws intended to protect the public from purcha ... e sky." See also: corporation stock
bad faith :: 1) n. intentional dishonest act by not fulfilling ... ean hands doctrine fraud good faith
assault and battery :: n. the combination of the two crimes of threat (as ... damages. See also: assault battery
as is :: adj. description of a condition in a sales contrac ... es to cancel the "as is" provision.
disinherit :: v. to intentionally take actions to guarantee that ... rorem clause pretermitted heir will
emotional distress :: n. an increasingly popular basis for a claim of da ... ar value upon it. See also: damages
hearsay rule :: n. the basic rule that testimony or documents whic ... interest dying declaration hearsay
homicide :: n. the killing of a human being due to the act or ... aughter murder self-defense suicide
guilty :: adj. having been convicted of a crime or having ad ... on of guilt cop a plea plea bargain
gross negligence :: n. carelessness which is in reckless disregard for ... damages negligence punitive damages
general damages :: n. monetary recovery (money won) in a lawsuit for ... s exemplary damages special damages
good faith :: n. honest intent to act without taking an unfair a ... plied to all kinds of transactions.
indecent exposure :: n. the crime of displaying one's genitalia to one ... d give the exposer a sexual charge.
injury :: n. any harm done to a person by the acts or omissi ... nction injunctive relief negligence
intrinsic fraud :: n. an intentionally false representation (lie) whi ... ts. See also: extrinsic fraud fraud
involuntary :: adj. or adv. without intent, will or choice. Parti ... l result in dismissal or acquittal.
intoxication :: n. 1) the condition of being drunk as the result o ... r. See also: vehicular manslaughter
interrogatories :: n. a set of written questions to a party to a laws ... ing. See also: deposition discovery
insurance :: n. a contract (insurance policy) in which the insu ... t clause Workers' Compensation Acts
gag order :: n. a judge's order prohibiting the attorneys and t ... st day in office, January 22, 1993.
fraud :: n. the intentional use of deceit, a trick or some ... audulent conveyance intrinsic fraud
extenuating circumstances :: n. surrounding factors (sometimes called mitigatio ... See also: mitigating circumstances
fair comment :: n. a statement of opinion (no matter how ludicrous ... amation libel public figure slander
exemplary damages :: n. often called punitive damages, these are damage ... See also: damages punitive damages
exculpatory :: adj. applied to evidence which may justify or excu ... t guilty or has no criminal intent.
endorse (indorse) :: v. 1) to sign one's name to the back of a check, b ... or candidate. See also: endorsement
evasion of tax :: n. the intentional attempt to avoid paying taxes t ... rs. See also: estate tax income tax
Federal Tort Claims Act :: n. a statute (1948) which removed the power of the ... diction to federal district courts.
fee tail :: n. an old feudal expression for a title to real pr ... rest only. See also: fee fee simple
flight :: n. running away or hiding by a person officially a ... of avoiding arrest or prosecution.
forbearance :: n. an intentional delay in collecting a debt or de ... the debtor to pay an added amount.
first degree murder :: n. although it varies from state to state, it is g ... aughter murder second degree murder
fighting words :: n. words intentionally directed toward another per ... he basis for a lawsuit for assault.
felonious :: adj. referring to an act done with criminal intent ... is an attack meant to do real harm.
abandon :: v. to intentionally and permanently give up, surre ... lso: abandoned property abandonment