Dictionary of Law
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Founded: 292
quasi-criminal :: adj. a reference to a court's right to punish for ... defendant. See also: criminal quasi
habitual criminal :: n. under the statutes of many states, a person who ... r any further criminal convictions.
criminal attorney :: n. a popular term for an attorney who specializes ... . See also: crime felon misdemeanor
criminal justice :: n. a generic term for the procedure by which crimi ... endered and punishment carried out.
quasi :: : (kway-zeye, kwah-zee) adj., adv. from Latin for ... ve to be treated "as if" they were.
criminal calendar :: n. the list of criminal cases to be called in cour ... e plea preliminary hearing sentence
quasi community property :: n. in community property states, property acquired ... : community property palimony quasi
quasi-judicial :: adj., adv. referring to the actions of an agency, ... -judicial. See also: judicial quasi
criminal :: 1) n. a popular term for anyone who has committed ... so: convict felon habitual criminal
decriminalization :: n. the repeal or amendment of statutes which made ... gh clinics and other legal sources.
quasi in rem :: adj. referring to a legal action which is primaril ... See also: in personam in rem quasi
quasi corporation :: n. a business which has operated as a corporation ... poration de facto corporation quasi
quasi contract :: n. a situation in which there is an obligation as ... fulfilled. See also: contract quasi
star chamber proceedings :: n. any judicial or quasi-judicial action, trial or ... ate 1960s. See also: kangaroo court
nuisance :: n. the unreasonable, unwarranted and/or unlawful u ... evening). See also: public nuisance
criminal law :: n. those statutes dealing with crimes against the ... See also: crime felony misdemeanor
petition :: 1) n. a formal written request to a court for an o ... dent. See also: divorce motion writ
plain view doctrine :: n. the rule that a law enforcement officer may mak ... : search and seizure search warrant
petit jury :: n. old-fashioned name for the jury sitting to hear ... r duties. See also: Grand Jury jury
penal :: adj. referring to criminality, as in defining "pen ... ntiary confining convicted felons).
partial verdict :: n. in a criminal trial, the result when the jury f ... re other charges. See also: verdict
parole :: n. 1) the release of a convicted criminal defendan ... sed he will not take up arms again.
pardon :: 1) v. to use the executive power of a Governor or ... also: amnesty commutation reprieve
party :: n. 1) one of the participants in a lawsuit or othe ... y real party in interest respondent
peer :: n. an equal. A "jury of one's peers," to which cri ... eria. See also: jury of one's peers
people :: n. the designation for the prosecuting government ... secutions, United States v. Miller.
penalty :: n. 1) in criminal law, a money fine or forfeiture ... contractor fails to complete a job.
plea :: n. 1) in criminal law, the response by an accused ... raignment plead preliminary hearing
peremptory challenge :: n. the right of the plaintiff and the defendant in ... challenge for cause jury voir dire
plead :: v. 1) in civil lawsuits and petitions, to file any ... al conduct. See also: plea pleading
price fixing :: n. a criminal violation of federal antitrust statu ... stributors to beat the competition.
presumption of innocence :: n. a fundamental protection for a person accused o ... yond a reasonable doubt presumption
prima facie :: : (pry-mah fay-shah) adj. Latin for "at first look ... t" case. See also: prima facie case
prima facie case :: n. a plaintiff's lawsuit or a criminal charge whic ... en and shut." See also: prima facie
prior restraint :: n. an attempt to prevent publication or broadcast ... e words of Sir William Blackstone).
principal :: n. 1) main person in a business. 2) employer, the ... ry agency agent respondeat superior
presiding judge :: n. 1) in both state and federal appeals court, the ... and chairs meetings of the judges.
preponderance of the evidence :: n. the greater weight of the evidence required in ... what subjective. See also: evidence
police court :: n. in some states a type of municipal court which ... municipal court preliminary hearing
paper hanger :: n. slang for a person who criminally writes and ca ... ey in them. See also: forgery fraud
posse comitatus :: (pahs-see coh-mitt-tah-tus) n. from Latin for "pos ... group is called a posse for short.
possession :: n. 1) any article, object, asset or property which ... ctive possession. See also: possess
preliminary hearing :: n. in criminal law, a hearing to determine if a pe ... nment charge Grand Jury information
postdated check :: n. a check delivered now with a written date in th ... livery of a bad check was criminal.
plea bargain :: n. in criminal procedure, a negotiation between th ... the ban. See also: cop a plea plea
offender :: n. an accused defendant in a criminal case or one ... crime. See also: accused defendant
misadventure :: n. a death due to unintentional accident without a ... me. See also: homicide manslaughter
Miranda warning :: n. the requirement, also called the Miranda rule, ... me such a suspect? See also: rights
mens rea :: (menz ray-ah) n. Latin for a "guilty mind," or cri ... ing the act. See also: crime intent
misjoinder :: n. the inclusion of parties (plaintiffs or defenda ... ent transactions. See also: joinder
mistrial :: n. the termination of a trial before its normal co ... from the beginning. See also: trial
M'Naughten rule :: n. a traditional "right and wrong" test of legal i ... temporary insanity Twinkie defense
mitigating circumstances :: n. in criminal law, conditions or happenings which ... ity heat of passion Twinkie defense
McNabb-Mallory rule :: n. a federal rule of evidence in criminal trials t ... present. See also: Miranda warning
mayhem :: 1) n. the criminal act of disabling, disfiguring o ... so: aggravated assault assault maim
maim :: v. to inflict a serious bodily injury, including m ... to a prison term. See also: mayhem
magistrate :: n. 1) a generic term for any judge of a court, or ... ce of the peace preliminary hearing
M. O. :: n. slang for modus operandi, the way or pattern in ... her crime. See also: modus operandi
malice :: n. a conscious, intentional wrongdoing either of a ... cution murder public figure slander
malum in se :: (mal-uhm in say) adv. Latin referring to an act th ... hibitum. See also: malum prohibitum
material witness :: n. a person who apparently has information about t ... e. See also: material trial witness
malum prohibitum :: (mal-uhm prohibit-uhm) adj. Latin meaning "wrong d ... lso: malum in se white collar crime
modus operandi :: (mode-us ah-purr-and-ee or ah-purr-and-eye) n. fro ... es to disguise a fraudulent scheme.
moral certainty :: n. in a criminal trial, the reasonable belief (but ... : beyond a reasonable doubt verdict
oath :: n. 1) a swearing to tell the truth, the whole trut ... ountry. See also: affidavit perjury
O.R. :: n. short for "own recognizance," meaning the judge ... "OR-ed." See also: own recognizance
not guilty by reason of insanity :: n. plea in court of a person charged with a crime ... fense not guilty temporary insanity
prior(s) :: n. slang for a criminal defendant's previous recor ... es for the third felony conviction.
on or about :: prep. a phrase referring to a date or place used i ... reets:." See also: charge complaint
overcharge :: v. 1) to charge more than a posted or advertised p ... osecutor to intimidate the accused.
open court :: n. the conduct of judicial proceedings (trials, he ... which are usually held in chambers.
nolo contendere :: (no-low kahn-ten-durr-ray) n. Latin for "I will no ... f no contest." See also: no contest
nolle prosequi :: (no-lay pro-say-kwee) n. Latin for "we shall no lo ... nocent and declared nolle prosequi.
motion in limine :: (lim-in-nay) n. Latin for "threshold," a motion ma ... o: in limine Miranda warning motion
motion for dismissal :: (non-suit) n. application by a defendant in a laws ... otion for nonsuit. See also: motion
moral turpitude :: n. gross violation of standards of moral conduct, ... r penalty for a criminal defendant.
motion to suppress :: n. a motion (usually on behalf of a criminal defen ... eshold." See also: motion in limine
motive :: n. in criminal investigation the probable reason a ... is not necessary to prove a crime.
no contest :: n. in criminal law, a defendant's plea in court th ... : nolo contendere plea plea bargain
municipal court :: n. a lower court which usually tries criminal misd ... nd/or small claims. See also: court
overt act :: n. in criminal law, an action which might be innoc ... terrorist bombing of that building.
process :: n. in law, the legal means by which a person is re ... service of process subpena summons
stop and frisk :: n. a law enforcement officer's search for a weapon ... h search and seizure search warrant
statute of limitations :: n. a law which sets the maximum period which one c ... ies. See also: demurrer laches toll
speedy trial :: n. in criminal prosecutions, the right of a defend ... hurt by the waiver. See also: trial
straw man :: n. 1) a person to whom title to property or a busi ... a trail will mislead hunting dogs).
successive sentences :: n. in criminal law, the imposition of the penalty ... uld be 15 years. See also: sentence
suspended sentence :: n. in criminal law, a penalty applied by a judge t ... may be enforced. See also: sentence
suppression of evidence :: n. 1) a judge's determination not to allow evidenc ... the prosecutor. See also: evidence
special circumstances :: n. in criminal cases, particularly homicides, acti ... urant. See also: capital punishment
sodomy :: n. anal copulation by a man inserting his penis in ... tiality). See also: bestiality rape
seized :: (seised) n. 1) having ownership, commonly used in ... by force. See also: seisin seizure
seduction :: n. the use of charm, salesmanship, promises, gifts ... ry breach of promise date rape rape
seizure :: n. the taking by law enforcement officers of poten ... e search and seizure search warrant
self-incrimination :: n. making statements or producing evidence which t ... nda warning rights taking the Fifth
severance :: n. 1) a separating by court order, such as separat ... le a potential claim for discharge.
sequester :: v. to keep separate or apart. In so-called "high-p ... of others. See also: sequestration
tainted evidence :: n. in a criminal trial, information which has been ... e search and seizure search warrant
temporary insanity :: n. in a criminal prosecution, a defense by the acc ... diminished capacity insanity intent
white collar crime :: n. a generic term for crimes involving commercial ... committed by "blue collar" workers.
vicarious liability :: n. sometimes called "imputed liability," attachmen ... r or policeman. See also: liability
venue :: n. 1) the proper or most convenient location for t ... ion. See also: forum non conveniens
wiretap :: n. using an electronic device to listen in on tele ... invasion of privacy probable cause
withdrawal :: n. 1) in criminal law, leaving a conspiracy to com ... count. See also: check renunciation
Workers' Compensation Acts :: n. state statutes which establish liability of emp ... rs' compensation insurance company.
tribunal :: n. any court, judicial body or board which has qua ... zoning regulations. See also: court
variance :: n. 1) an exception to a zoning ordinance, authoriz ... process." See also: dismissal proof
Twinkie defense :: n. a claim by a criminal defendant that at the tim ... rder. See also: diminished capacity
three strikes, you're out :: n. recent (beginning 1994) legislation enacted in ... ich involve small amounts of money.
theft :: n. the generic term for all crimes in which a pers ... rglary embezzlement larceny robbery
time served :: n. the period a criminal defendant has been in jai ... o the defendant. See also: sentence
tort :: n. from French for "wrong," a civil wrong or wrong ... nce slander trespass wrongful death
trial :: n. the examination of facts and law presided over ... at a hearing held at a later time.
transferred intent :: n. in both criminal and tort (civil wrong) law, wh ... hit upon Truehart. See also: intent
secret rebate :: n. a kickback of money by a business to a "preferr ... h a secret rebate. See also: rebate
search :: v. 1) to examine another's premises (including a v ... e search and seizure search warrant
prosecutor :: n. generic term for the government's attorney in a ... ee also: Attorney General prosecute
prosecution :: n. 1) in criminal law, the government attorney cha ... se). See also: prosecute prosecutor
prosecute :: v. 1) in criminal law, to charge a person with a c ... rney General prosecution prosecutor
prove :: v. to present evidence and/or logic that makes a f ... t or criminal case. See also: proof
proximate cause :: n. a happening which results in an event, particul ... also: intervening cause negligence
question of fact :: n. in a lawsuit or criminal prosecution, an issue ... also: finding judge question of law
public record :: n. any information, minutes, files, accounts or ot ... l judgment are both public records.
proof :: n. confirmation of a fact by evidence. In a trial, ... doubt preponderance of the evidence
loiter :: v. to linger or hang around in a public place or b ... kenness or being a public nuisance.
probation :: n. a chance to remain free (or serve only a short ... See also: attorney-client privilege
privileged communication :: n. statements and conversations made under circums ... See also: attorney-client privilege
probative facts :: n. evidence which tends to prove something which i ... See also: probative probative value
probative value :: n. evidence which is sufficiently useful to prove ... prior actions. See also: probative
proceeding :: n. any legal filing, hearing, trial and/or judgmen ... edings," as in "legal proceedings."
procedure :: n. the methods and mechanics of the legal process. ... cases are tried and judgments made.
question of law :: n. an issue arising in a lawsuit or criminal prose ... udge question of fact trier of fact
qui tam action :: : (kwee tam) n. from Latin for "who as well," a la ... technical violations and/or errors.
renunciation :: n. 1) giving up a right, such as a right of inheri ... renunciation is factually too late.
release on one's own recognizance :: v. for a judge to allow a criminal defendant pre-t ... ourtroom slang. See also: bail O.R.
rehearing :: n. conducting a hearing again based on the motion ... the judge or agency was just wrong.
restitution :: n. 1) returning to the proper owner property or th ... her a shorter sentence than normal.
retroactive :: adj. referring to a court's decision or a statute ... ospective." See also: ex post facto
sealing of records :: n. trial records and decisions which a judge order ... eep the terms from public scrutiny.
scienter :: n. Latin for "having knowledge." In criminal law, ... ents were lies and thus fraudulent.
recuse :: v. to refuse to be a judge (or for a judge to agre ... to the defendant. See also: recusal
reckless :: adj. in both negligence and criminal cases, carele ... so: careless negligent wet reckless
real property :: n. 1) all land, structures, firmly attached and in ... onal property real estate reversion
Racketeer Influenced Corrupt Organization (RICO) statue :: n. a federal law which makes it a crime for organi ... s to operate legitimate businesses.
reasonable :: adj., adv. in law, just, rational, appropriate, or ... ost of other actions or activities.
reasonable doubt :: n. not being sure of a criminal defendant's guilt ... also: preponderance of the evidence
reciprocal discovery :: n. the exchange of documents, lists of witnesses, ... n before trial. See also: discovery
recidivist :: n. a repeat criminal offender, convicted of a crim ... victed. See also: habitual criminal
privilege against self incrimina-tion :: n. a right to refuse to testify against oneself in ... so: Bill of Rights taking the Fifth
liable :: adj. responsible or obligated. Thus, a person or e ... al prosecution. See also: liability
confession and avoidance :: n. when a defendant admits the allegations in a co ... tries to avoid their legal impact.
confess :: v. in criminal law, to voluntarily state that one ... Miranda warning self-incrimination
concurrent sentences :: n. sentences for more than one crime which are to ... ith the longest period controlling.
confrontation :: n. 1) fight or argument. 2) the right of a crimina ... s. See also: Bill of Rights witness
consent decree :: n. an order of a judge based upon an agreement, al ... he same. See also: consent judgment
constitutional rights :: n. rights given or reserved to the people by the U ... e also: Bill of Rights constitution
conspiracy :: n. when people work together by agreement to commi ... d conspiracy. See also: conspirator
competent :: adj. 1) in general, able to act in the circumstanc ... all bases. See also: evidence will
commutation :: n. the act of reducing a criminal sentence resulti ... See also: executive clemency pardon
civil liability :: n. potential responsibility for payment of damages ... ans open to punishment for a crime.
civil law :: n. 1) a body of laws and legal concepts which come ... generic term for non-criminal law.
civil action :: n. any lawsuit relating to civil matters and not c ... inal prosecution. See also: lawsuit
clear and convincing evidence :: n. evidence that proves a matter by the "preponder ... See also: beyond a reasonable doubt
closing argument :: n. the final argument by an attorney on behalf of ... . See also: opening statement trial
comity :: n. when one court defers to the jurisdiction of an ... of cases to which comity may apply.
collateral :: 1) n. property pledged to secure a loan or debt, u ... ral to the Colorado divorce action.
contempt of court :: n. there are essentially two types of contempt: a) ... roduce evidence. See also: sanction
contingent fee :: n. a fee to a lawyer which will be due and payable ... epend on the outcome are unethical.
declarant :: n. the person making a statement, usually written ... also: affiant affidavit declaration
deadly weapon :: n. any weapon which can kill. This includes not on ... See also: assault dangerous weapon
custody :: n. 1) holding property under one's control. 2) law ... inor child. See also: child custody
defendant :: n. 1) the party sued in a civil lawsuit or the par ... nt. See also: codefendant plaintiff
defense :: n. 1) a general term for the effort of an attorney ... tiff. See also: affirmative defense
deportation :: n. the act of expelling a foreigner from a country ... s usually to the country of origin.
defense attorney :: n. 1) the attorney representing the defendant in a ... lso: defendant plaintiff's attorney
cumulative sentence :: n. when a criminal defendant has been found guilty ... in a five-year term in the example.
culpable :: adj. sufficiently responsible for criminal acts or ... ons and thus should take the blame.
corporate opportunity :: n. a business opportunity which becomes known to a ... ative action fiduciary relationship
cop a plea :: n. slang for a "plea bargain" in which an accused ... omes final). See also: plea bargain
conviction :: n. the result of a criminal trial in which the def ... t has been found guilty of a crime.
count :: n. each separate statement in a complaint which st ... also: cause of action common counts
counterfeit :: 1) adj. describing a document, particularly money, ... d for real. See also: forgery utter
cruel and unusual punishment :: n. governmental penalties against convicted crimin ... opted. See also: capital punishment
crime against nature :: n. an oldfashioned term for sodomy (anal sexual in ... states. See also: bestiality sodomy
civil :: adj. 1) that part of the law that encompasses busi ... also: civil liberties civil rights
circumstantial evidence :: n. evidence in a trial which is not directly from ... circumstantial. See also: evidence
allege :: v. to claim a fact is true, commonly in a complain ... or any claim. See also: allegation
allegation :: n. a statement of claimed fact contained in a comp ... sure of a fact. See also: complaint
after-discovered evidence :: n. evidence found by a losing party after a trial ... also: evidence writ of coram nobis
amnesty :: n. a blanket abolition of an offense by the govern ... rget the offenses. See also: pardon
arraign :: v. to bring a criminal defendant before the court, ... d. See also: appearance arraignment
arrest :: v. 1) to take or hold a suspected criminal with le ... anda warning probable cause warrant
arraignment :: n. the hearing in which a person charged with a cr ... re taken care of. See also: arraign
adultery :: n. consensual sexual relations when one of the par ... s and grist for scandal newspapers.
admit :: v. 1) to state something is true in answering a co ... tted." See also: admission evidence
acquit :: v. what a jury or judge sitting without a jury doe ... ndant not guilty. See also: verdict
accomplice :: n. someone who assists in the commission of a crim ... cipal criminal. See also: accessory
abuse of discretion :: n. a polite way of saying a trial judge has made s ... partner's realistic ability to pay.
acquittal :: n. what an accused criminal defendant receives if ... se) of not guilty. See also: acquit
admissible evidence :: n. evidence which the trial judge finds is useful ... olving violence. See also: evidence
admission to bail :: n. an order of a court in a criminal case allowing ... lient. See also: bail bail bondsman
admission :: n. a statement made by a party to a lawsuit or a c ... mission against interest confession
assault :: 1) v. the threat or attempt to strike another, whe ... ult, including for mental distress.
attempt :: v. and n. to actually try to commit a crime and ha ... felt he tried but did not succeed.
capital offense :: n. any criminal charge which is punishable by the ... . See also: bail capital punishment
burglary :: n. the crime of breaking and entering into a struc ... le. See also: breaking and entering
burden of proof :: n. the requirement that the plaintiff (the party b ... ence prima facie weight of evidence
cartel :: n. 1) an arrangement among supposedly independent ... Colombia. See also: antitrust laws
case system :: n. the method of studying law generally used in Am ... Langdell and soon became standard.
charge :: n. 1) in a criminal case, the specific statement o ... trial judge. 3) a fee for services.
character witness :: n. a person who testifies in a trial on behalf of ... ases and civil cases such as fraud.
breaking and entering :: n. 1) the criminal act of entering a residence or ... above. See also: burglary trespass
breach of the peace :: n. any act which disturbs the public or even one p ... g inappropriately. See also: breach
beyond a reasonable doubt :: adj. part of jury instructions in all criminal tri ... on moral certainty reasonable doubt
barratry :: n. creating legal business by stirring up disputes ... ent he/she has no legitimate claim.
bar :: 1) n. collectively all attorneys, as "the bar," wh ... a room, building, or real property.
bill :: n. 1) what is commonly called a "check" by which t ... ions, which is falling into disuse.
bill of particulars :: n. a written itemization of claims which a defenda ... the factual bases for the charges.
blue ribbon jury :: n. a jury selected from prominent, well-educated c ... ight to have a jury of one's peers.
Bill of Rights :: n. the first ten amendments to the federal Constit ... ved to the states or to the people.
diminished capacity :: n. essentially a psychological term which has foun ... See also: insanity M'Naughten rule
directed verdict :: n. a verdict by a jury based on the specific direc ... element judgment jury trial verdict
informed consent :: n. agreement to do something or to allow something ... . See also: consent Miranda warning
information :: n. an accusation or criminal charge brought by the ... Jury indictment preliminary hearing
indigent :: 1) n. a person so poor and needy that he/she canno ... person who is very poor and needy.
innocent :: adj. without guilt (not guilty). Usually the plea ... also: arraignment plea plea bargain
insanity :: n. mental illness of such a severe nature that a p ... M'Naughten rule temporary insanity
insufficient evidence :: n. a finding (decision) by a trial judge or an app ... l court. See also: evidence finding
insanity defense :: n. the claim of a defendant in a criminal prosecut ... e also: insanity temporary insanity
indictment :: n. a charge of a felony (serious crime) voted by a ... ictable offense preliminary hearing
incompetent :: adj. 1) referring to a person who is not able to m ... n incompetency incompetent evidence
illegal :: 1) adj. in violation of statute, regulation or ord ... . See also: alien illegal immigrant
hung jury :: n. slang for a hopelessly deadlocked jury in a cri ... also: dismissal jury mistrial trial
hot pursuit :: n. when a law enforcement officer is so close behi ... sh pursuit. See also: fresh pursuit
immunity :: n. exemption from penalties, payments or legal req ... ws. See also: governmental immunity
impound :: v. 1) to collect funds, in addition to installment ... cases. See also: forfeit forfeiture
in pari delicto :: adv. (in pah-ree dee-lick-toe) Latin for "in equal ... e proof is that both were involved.
in absentia :: (in ab-sensh-ee-ah) adj. or adv. phrase. Latin for ... tin Bormann, Hitler's closest aide.
intent :: n. mental desire and will to act in a particular w ... ess homicide or other lesser crime.
intoxication :: n. 1) the condition of being drunk as the result o ... r. See also: vehicular manslaughter
lesser-included offense :: n. in criminal law, a crime which is proved by the ... g jail time. See also: plea bargain
legal aid society :: n. an organization formed to assist persons who ha ... bar association. See also: pro bono
kidnapping :: (also spelled kidnaping) n. the taking of a person ... but now applies to adults as well.
liability :: n. one of the most significant words in the field ... bility joint tortfeasors negligence
abduction :: n. the criminal taking away of a person by persuas ... g of children. See also: kidnapping
life without possibility of parole :: n. a sentence sometimes given for particularly vic ... or may someday reduce the sentence.
lie detector test :: n. a popular name for a polygraph which tests the ... be referred to. See also: polygraph
juvenile delinquent :: n. a person who is under age (usually below 18), w ... low as 14. See also: juvenile court
justifiable homicide :: n. a killing without evil or criminal intent, for ... me. See also: homicide self-defense
jump bail :: v. to fail to appear for a court appearance after ... also: bail bail bond bail bondsman
judgment :: n. the final decision by a court in a lawsuit, cri ... ous with judgment. See also: decree
jeopardy :: n. peril, particularly danger of being charged wit ... ar Evers. See also: double jeopardy
jury :: n. one of the remarkable innovations of the Englis ... hallenge sequester venire voir dire
jury fees :: n. the rather minimal amount paid each day to juro ... ees as a court cost. See also: jury
jury trial :: n. a trial of a lawsuit or criminal prosecution in ... the final judgment. See also: jury
jury of one's peers :: n. a guaranteed right of criminal defendants, in w ... y African Americans. See also: jury
homicide :: n. the killing of a human being due to the act or ... aughter murder self-defense suicide
heat of passion :: n. in a criminal case, when the accused was in an ... oing. See also: manslaughter murder
examination :: n. 1) the questioning of a witness by an attorney. ... irect examination testimony witness
entrapment :: n. in criminal law, the act of law enforcement off ... e drugs if not pressed by the narc?
emancipation :: n. freeing a minor child from the control of paren ... vorced parent to pay child support.
exclusionary rule :: n. the rule that evidence secured by illegal means ... e poisonous tree motion to suppress
exculpatory :: adj. applied to evidence which may justify or excu ... t guilty or has no criminal intent.
executive privilege :: n. a claim by the President or another high offici ... the Watergate scandal (1973-1974).
executive clemency :: n. the power of a President in federal criminal ca ... ernor. See also: commutation pardon
element :: n. 1) an essential requirement to a cause of actio ... of action crime general plan zoning
duress :: n. the use of force, false imprisonment or threats ... pardoned by President Jimmy Carter.
disorderly conduct :: n. 1) actions that disturb others. 2) minor crimin ... peace, and loud threats or parties.
dismissal :: n. 1) the act of voluntarily terminating a crimina ... f the settlement. See also: dismiss
disjunctive allegations :: n. the attempt to claim in a civil lawsuit that on ... o: cause of action charge complaint
disposition :: n. the court's final determination of a lawsuit or ... on of a lawsuit or criminal charge.
District Attorney (D.A.) :: n. an elected official of a county or a designated ... dent and serve at his/her pleasure.
due process of law :: n. a fundamental principle of fairness in all lega ... procedural and substantive rights.
diversion :: n. in criminal procedure, a system for giving a ch ... second offense. See also: probation
expert testimony :: n. opinions stated during trial or deposition (tes ... inal case. See also: expert witness
expert witness :: n. a person who is a specialist in a subject, ofte ... sitions. See also: expert testimony
gag order :: n. a judge's order prohibiting the attorneys and t ... st day in office, January 22, 1993.
full faith and credit :: n. the provision in Article IV, Section 1 of the U ... "foreign" (out-of-state) judgment.
fruit of the poisonous tree :: n. in criminal law, the doctrine that evidence dis ... property. See also: Miranda warning
Grand Jury :: n. a jury in each county or federal court district ... arge indictment preliminary hearing
guilty :: adj. having been convicted of a crime or having ad ... on of guilt cop a plea plea bargain
hearing :: n. any proceeding before a judge or other magistra ... e hearing preliminary hearing trial
harass :: (either harris or huh-rass) v. systematic and/or c ... also: harassment sexual harassment
frisk :: v. quickly patting down the clothes of a possible ... k women and men officers frisk men.
fresh pursuit :: n. immediate chase of a suspected criminal by a la ... hot pursuit. See also: hot pursuit
fact finder (finder of fact) :: n. in a trial of a lawsuit or criminal prosecution ... n facts. See also: question of fact
extenuating circumstances :: n. surrounding factors (sometimes called mitigatio ... See also: mitigating circumstances
federal courts :: n. the court system which handles civil and crimin ... rans' appeals. See also: bankruptcy
felonious :: adj. referring to an act done with criminal intent ... is an attack meant to do real harm.
final settlement :: n. an agreement reached by the parties to a lawsui ... rneys present. See also: settlement
felony murder doctrine :: n. a rule of criminal statutes that any death whic ... arged with murder. See also: murder
lineup :: n. a law enforcement method used in an attempt to ... entification is precarious at best.