Dictionary of Law
Founded: 112
ostensible authority :: n. apparent authority to do something or represent ... apparent authority ostensible agent
apparent authority :: n. the appearance of being the agent of another (e ... e also: agency ostensible authority
agency :: n. the relationship of a person (called the agent) ... ondeat superior scope of employment
authority :: n. permission, a right coupled with the power to d ... rize ostensible authority principal
ostensible agent :: n. a person who has been given the appearance of b ... rent authority ostensible authority
claim against a governmental agency :: n. any time one believes he/she has a right to pay ... orter than other types of lawsuits.
public :: 1) n. the people of the nation, state, county, dis ... lands and public and private roads.
regulations :: n. rules and administrative codes issued by govern ... es usually have similar procedures.
reformation :: n. the correction or change of an existing documen ... neral partner sues for reformation.
agent :: n. a person who is authorized to act for another ( ... issues. See also: agency authority
injunctive relief :: n. a court-ordered act or prohibition against an a ... t injunction restraining order writ
implied :: adj., adv. referring to circumstances, conduct or ... nt implied consent implied warranty
interstate commerce :: n. commercial trade, business, movement of goods o ... and the I.C.C. may soon be history.
judicial discretion :: n. the power of the judge to make decisions on som ... iscretion beyond his/her authority.
license :: 1) n. governmental permission to perform a particu ... eement. See also: licensee licensor
letters of administration :: n. a document issued by the court clerk which stat ... estate. See also: executor probate
jurisdiction :: n. the authority given by law to a court to try ca ... Superior Court Supreme Court venue
extradition :: n. the surrender by one state or country of a pers ... ty. See also: fugitive from justice
letters testamentary :: n. a document issued by the court clerk which stat ... te. See also: administrator probate
judicial notice :: n. the authority of a judge to accept as facts cer ... elts in the sun. See also: evidence
judge :: 1) n. an official with the authority and responsib ... ice justice of the peace magistrate
discretion :: n. the power of a judge, public official or a priv ... t a variance to a zoning ordinance.
cloud on title (cloud) :: n. an actual or apparent outstanding claim on the ... ion reconveyance title title report
citation :: n. 1) a notice to appear in court due to the proba ... se is not in point." See also: cite
authorize :: v. to officially empower someone to act. See also: ... someone to act. See also: authority
arrest :: v. 1) to take or hold a suspected criminal with le ... anda warning probable cause warrant
corporation :: n. an organization formed with state governmental ... ation public corporation securities
de facto :: adj. Latin for "in fact." Often used in place of " ... ave not been met. See also: de jure
limited jurisdiction :: n. courts' authority over certain types of cases s ... value. See also: court jurisdiction
devolve :: v. when property is automatically transferred from ... ory sovereign rights to run itself.
derivative action :: n. a lawsuit brought by a corporation shareholder ... on director shareholder stockholder
delegate :: 1) v. to assign authority to another. 2) n. a pers ... tuency, interest group or business.
expropriation :: n. a taking of property or rights by governmental ... the taker. See also: eminent domain
Massachusetts Trust :: n. a business in which the investors give manageme ... provide for eventual distribution.
sheriff :: n. the top law enforcement officer for a county, u ... ." See also: bailiff sheriff's sale
sign :: v. 1) to write one's signature on a document, incl ... language. See also: mark subscribe
settlement :: n. the resolution of a lawsuit (or of a legal disp ... ult in settlement. See also: settle
search and seizure :: n. examination of a person's premises (residence, ... robable cause search search warrant
revocation :: n. 1) mutual cancellation of a contract by the par ... c offenses. See also: contract will
supremacy clause :: n. Article VI, section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, ... f involving a constitutional issue.
tax return :: n. the form to be filed with a taxing authority by ... able to the taxpayer. See also: tax
vigilante :: n. someone who takes the law into his/her own hand ... lester of her child is a vigilante.
will :: n. a written document which leaves the estate of t ... will and testament probate testator
ultra vires :: (uhl-trah veye-rehz) adj. Latin for "beyond powers ... it is issued. See also: corporation
trial :: n. the examination of facts and law presided over ... at a hearing held at a later time.
trespass :: n. entering another person's property without perm ... for an illegal purpose is a crime.
proxy :: n. 1) someone who is authorized to serve in one's ... d members and convention delegates.
precedent :: 1) n. a prior reported opinion of an appeals court ... to perform. See also: stare decisis
municipal court :: n. a lower court which usually tries criminal misd ... nd/or small claims. See also: court
murder :: n. the killing of a human being by a sane person, ... premeditation second degree murder
ministerial act :: n. an act, particularly of a governmental employee ... exercising any individual judgment.
acceptance of service :: n. agreement by a defendant (or his/her attorney) ... o accept service. See also: service
malfeasance :: n. intentionally doing something either legally or ... sponsibility. See also: misfeasance
non-profit corporation :: n. an organization incorporated under state laws a ... harity corporation cy pres doctrine
notary public :: n. a person authorized by the state in which the p ... he state which appoints the notary.
original jurisdiction :: n. the authority of a court to hold a trial, as di ... l judgments. See also: jurisdiction
power :: n. the right, authority and ability to take some a ... g legal rights and many other acts.
official misconduct :: n. improper and/or illegal acts by a public offici ... ty. See also: color of law official
officer :: n. 1) a high-level management official of a corpor ... deputy sheriff or federal marshal.
occupy the field :: v. to preempt (monopolize) an area of statutory la ... ertain topics. See also: preemption
Magna Carta :: n. Latin for "Great Charter," it was a document de ... s. It is also spelled Magna Charta.
statute of limitations :: n. a law which sets the maximum period which one c ... ies. See also: demurrer laches toll
eminent domain :: n. the power of a governmental entity (federal, st ... ngs. See also: condemn condemnation
employee :: n. a person who is hired for a wage, salary, fee o ... ondeat superior scope of employment
decision :: n. judgment, decree or determination of findings o ... (court). See also: decree judgment
condemnation action :: n. a lawsuit brought by a public agency to acquire ... e also: condemnation eminent domain
condemn :: v. 1) for a public agency to determine that a buil ... condemnation action eminent domain
employer :: n. a person or entity which hires the services of ... gency. See also: employee principal
employment :: n. the hiring of a person for compensation. It is ... ployment Workers' Compensation Acts
foster child :: n. a child without parental support and protection ... local government or a state agency.
equal opportunity :: 1) n. a right supposedly guaranteed by both federa ... be so. See also: affirmative action
entity :: n. a general term for any institution, company, co ... is distinguished from individuals.
enjoin :: v. for a court to order that someone either do a s ... so: injunction temporary injunction
claim :: 1) v. to make a demand for money, for property, or ... the government, it is lawsuit time.
civil penalties :: n. fines or surcharges imposed by a governmental a ... s, failure to obtain a permit, etc.
advisory opinion :: n. an opinion stated by a judge or a court upon th ... o: actual controversy friendly suit
affirmative action :: n. the process of a business or governmental agenc ... and state affirmative action laws.
adoption :: n. the taking of a child into one's family, creati ... the child are met. See also: adopt
administrative law judge :: n. a professional hearing officer who works for th ... higher pay in being called "judge."
administrative law :: n. the procedures created by administrative agenci ... judge Administrative Procedure Act
ancillary administration :: n. administration of an estate's assets in another ... or "subordinate." See also: probate
broker :: n. in general, a person who arranges contracts bet ... security ("hocked") at high rates.
child custody :: n. a court's determination of which parent, relati ... pport custody divorce joint custody
chattel mortgage :: n. an outmoded written document which made a chatt ... ed by the property. See also: UCC-1
cease and desist order :: n. an order of a court or government agency to a p ... ing which would damage the ecology.
case system :: n. the method of studying law generally used in Am ... Langdell and soon became standard.
gag order :: n. a judge's order prohibiting the attorneys and t ... st day in office, January 22, 1993.
in loco parentis :: prep. (in loh-coh pah-rent-iss) Latin for "instead ... 5, if and when he needs legal help.
Restatement of the Law :: n. a series of detailed statements of the basic la ... tracts, property, torts and trusts.
revoke :: v. to annul or cancel an act, particularly a state ... oke a license. See also: revocation
respondeat superior :: (rehs-pond-dee-at superior) n. Latin for "let the ... : agency agent negligence principal
rehearing :: n. conducting a hearing again based on the motion ... the judge or agency was just wrong.
quasi-judicial :: adj., adv. referring to the actions of an agency, ... -judicial. See also: judicial quasi
securities :: n. generic term for shares of stock, bonds and deb ... ee also: bond debenture share stock
standing :: n. the right to file a lawsuit or file a petition ... so: actual controversy jurisdiction
ward :: n. 1) a person (usually a minor) who has a guardia ... ouncil district. See also: guardian
Tax Court :: n. a federal agency with courts in major cities wh ... Appeals. See also: court income tax
administrative hearing :: n. a hearing before any governmental agency or bef ... ee also: administrative law hearing
state action :: n. in federal Civil Rights Acts, dating back to 18 ... for damages. See also: civil rights
private road :: n. a road or driveway on privately owned property, ... ng. See also: prescriptive easement
principal :: n. 1) main person in a business. 2) employer, the ... ry agency agent respondeat superior
mandamus :: (man-dame-us) n. Latin for "we order," a writ (mor ... mandamus. See also: writ of mandate
limitation of actions :: n. the period of time in which a person has to fil ... e. See also: statute of limitations
just compensation :: n. 1) in general a fair and reasonable amount of m ... ation make one whole quantum meruit
inverse condemnation :: n. the taking of property by a government agency w ... e also: condemnation eminent domain
mandate :: n. 1) any mandatory order or requirement under sta ... See also: mandamus writ of mandate
mining claim :: n. a description by boundaries of real property in ... g within a specific period of time.
permit :: 1) v. to allow by silence, agreement or giving a l ... f public revenue. See also: license
peremptory writ of mandate :: (or mandamus) n. a final order of a court to any g ... ve writ. See also: mandamus mandate
order to show cause :: n. a judge's written mandate that a party appear i ... vernmental agency. See also: O.S.C.
official :: 1) adj. referring to an act, document or anything ... tion or business. See also: officer
writ of mandate :: (mandamus) n. a court order to a government agency ... al acts. See also: mandamus mandate