Dictionary of Law
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vicarious liability :: legal definition


Vicarious liability - n. sometimes called "imputed liability," attachment of responsibility to a person for harm or damages caused by another person in either a negligence lawsuit or criminal prosecution. Thus, an employer of an employee who injures someone through negligence while in the scope of employment (doing work for the employer) is vicariously liable for damages to the injured person. In most states a participant in a crime (like a hold-up) may be vicariously liable for murder if another member of the group shoots and kills a shopkeeper or policeman.

See also: liability and Related Law Terms ↓


Related Law Terms

adjuster :: n. an employee (usually a non-lawyer) of an insura ... e company in approving settlements.
agency :: n. the relationship of a person (called the agent) ... ondeat superior scope of employment
apparent authority :: n. the appearance of being the agent of another (e ... e also: agency ostensible authority
care :: n. in law, to be attentive, prudent and vigilant. ... she is involved. See also: careless
civil :: adj. 1) that part of the law that encompasses busi ... also: civil liberties civil rights
comparative negligence :: n. a rule of law applied in accident cases to dete ... utory negligence damages negligence
contributory negligence :: n. a doctrine of common law that if a person was i ... : comparative negligence negligence
direct and proximate cause :: n. the immediate reason damage was caused by an ac ... so: cause complaint proximate cause
disfigure :: v. to cause permanent change in a person's body, p ... . See also: damages general damages
duty of care :: n. a requirement that a person act toward others a ... e also: negligence standard of care
employee :: n. a person who is hired for a wage, salary, fee o ... ondeat superior scope of employment
equal opportunity :: 1) n. a right supposedly guaranteed by both federa ... be so. See also: affirmative action
fraud :: n. the intentional use of deceit, a trick or some ... audulent conveyance intrinsic fraud
Good Samaritan rule :: n. from a Biblical story, if a volunteer comes to ... a lawsuit for millions of dollars.
gross negligence :: n. carelessness which is in reckless disregard for ... damages negligence punitive damages
hit and run :: n. the crime of a driver of a vehicle who is invol ... , and then walks back to the scene.
impute :: v. 1) to attach to a person responsibility (and th ... also. See also: vicarious liability
injury :: n. any harm done to a person by the acts or omissi ... nction injunctive relief negligence
intervening cause :: n. an event which occurs between the original impr ... cause negligence superseding cause
joint and several :: adj. referring to a debt or a judgment for neglige ... ution contributory negligence joint
joint liability :: n. when two or more persons are both responsible f ... See also: joinder joint and several
joint tortfeasors :: n. two or more persons whose negligence in a singl ... : comparative negligence negligence
last clear chance :: n. a rule of law in determining responsibility for ... contributory negligence negligence
liability :: n. one of the most significant words in the field ... bility joint tortfeasors negligence
libel :: 1) n. to publish in print (including pictures), wr ... libel per se public figure slander
loss of consortium :: n. the inability of one's spouse to have normal ma ... ation. See also: consortium damages
mitigation of damages :: n. the requirement that someone injured by another ... he lease) to mitigate his/her loss.
negligence :: n. failure to exercise the care toward others whic ... gence per se res ipsa loquitur tort
no fault insurance :: n: a type of automobile insurance required of car ... ling lawsuits. See also: negligence
nuisance :: n. the unreasonable, unwarranted and/or unlawful u ... evening). See also: public nuisance
principal :: n. 1) main person in a business. 2) employer, the ... ry agency agent respondeat superior
product liability :: n. the responsibility of manufacturers, distributo ... e known. See also: warrant warranty
property damage :: n. injury to real or personal property through ano ... l value. See also: damages property
proximate cause :: n. a happening which results in an event, particul ... also: intervening cause negligence
reasonable care :: n. the degree of caution and concern for the safet ... . See also: duty of care negligence
res ipsa loquitur :: (rayz ip-sah loh-quit-her) n. Latin for "the thing ... plex doctrine. See also: negligence
rescue doctrine :: n. the rule of law that if a rescuer of a person h ... to the car grill. See also: damages
respondeat superior :: (rehs-pond-dee-at superior) n. Latin for "let the ... : agency agent negligence principal
scope of employment :: n. actions of an employee which further the busine ... ter and servant respondeat superior
service :: n. 1) paid work by another person, either by contr ... ersonal services service of process
slander :: n. oral defamation, in which someone tells one or ... . See also: defamation fair comment
standard of care :: n. the watchfulness, attention, caution and pruden ... of care foreseeable risk negligence
statute of limitations :: n. a law which sets the maximum period which one c ... ies. See also: demurrer laches toll
strict liability :: n. automatic responsibility (without having to pro ... bility negligence res ipsa loquitur
subrogation :: n. assuming the legal rights of a person for whom ... also: negligence subrogee subrogor
suffering :: n. the pain, hurt, inconvenience, embarrassment an ... njury negligence pain and suffering
tort :: n. from French for "wrong," a civil wrong or wrong ... nce slander trespass wrongful death
transferred intent :: n. in both criminal and tort (civil wrong) law, wh ... hit upon Truehart. See also: intent
Workers' Compensation Acts :: n. state statutes which establish liability of emp ... rs' compensation insurance company.
wrongful termination :: n. a right of an employee to sue his/her employer ... ing an employee's grounds for suit.

Popular Law Searches

legal definition ministerial act :: n. an act, particularly of a governmental employee ... exercising any individual judgment.
chancery legal definition :: n. a court that can order acts performed. Today ch ... ts in most states. See also: equity
testamentary disposition legal definition :: n. how the terms of a will divide the testator's ( ... named beneficiaries. See also: will
contract of sufferance :: n. a "hold-over" tenancy after a lease has expired ... y tenancy at will unlawful detainer
forthwith legal definition :: adv. a term found in contracts, court orders and s ... mediacy, with no excuses for delay.
forthwith definition legal :: adv. a term found in contracts, court orders and s ... mediacy, with no excuses for delay.
what is to wit in a legal contract :: prep. that is to say. Example: "the passengers in ... tty Bumgartner and Sherry Younger."
mirror wills legal definition :: n. the wills of a husband and wife which are ident ... d each names the other as executor.
clean hands doctrine latin :: n. a rule of law that a person coming to court wit ... ices. See also: affirmative defense
sine qua non only relates to contract law :: (see-nay kwah nahn) prep. Latin for "without which ... qua non of the injury to Playmate.

Other Law Terms - V

vacate :: v. 1) for a judge to set aside or annul an order o ... of real estate and cease occupancy.
vagrancy :: n. moving about without a means to support oneself ... ue of "loitering." See also: loiter
valuable consideration :: n. a necessary element of a contract, which confer ... t. See also: consideration contract
variance :: n. 1) an exception to a zoning ordinance, authoriz ... process." See also: dismissal proof
vehicular manslaughter :: n. the crime of causing the death of a human being ... gence manslaughter reckless driving
vendee :: n. a buyer, particularly of real property. ... yer, particularly of real property.
vendor :: n. a seller, particularly of real property. ... ler, particularly of real property.
venire :: (ven-eer-ay) n. the list from which jurors may be ... y be selected. See also: jury panel
venue :: n. 1) the proper or most convenient location for t ... ion. See also: forum non conveniens
verdict :: n. the decision of a jury after a trial, which mus ... nt quotient verdict special verdict
verification :: n. the declaration under oath or upon penalty of p ... ed. See also: answer complaint oath
vest :: v. to give an absolute right to title or ownership ... . See also: vested vested remainder
vested :: adj. referring to having an absolute right or titl ... ed. See also: vest vested remainder
vested remainder :: n. the absolute right to receive title after a pre ... pass to him. See also: vest vested
vexatious litigation :: n. filing a lawsuit with the knowledge that it has ... lous malicious prosecution sanction
vicarious liability :: n. sometimes called "imputed liability," attachmen ... r or policeman. See also: liability
vigilante :: n. someone who takes the law into his/her own hand ... lester of her child is a vigilante.
viz :: prep. to wit, or namely. Example: "There were seve ... d broken windows." See also: to wit
void :: adj. referring to a statute, contract, ruling or a ... udgment is void. See also: voidable
void for vagueness :: adj. referring to a statute defining a crime which ... o the states by the 14th Amendment.